The first settlement known in Petrer dates in the neolithic period, does some 6.500 years, with archaeological site like the ones of Almorxó, The Chorrillo and Poplar, situated beside the course of the river Vinalopó.
The Iberian culture arose of the contact of the autochthonous population situated in the peninsular Mediterranean coast with the Phoenician and Greek civilisations.
The traces of the roman culture in Petrer have them delivered in several archaeological site of the municipal term, and date among the 1st and 6th centuries A.D.
The first evidence in Bitrir, that like this called Petrer in this period, went the casual finding of a coin of silver of the emir Abd to the-Ramhan I (785-786 A.D.).
The Christian conquest comported the step to Petrer, with a feudal regime, modifications in the castle and the enlargement of the urban enclosure.
During the 19th century and until very gone in of the 20th century, Petrer was a mainly agricultural village.
The south east peninsular was the last territory controlled by the Government of the II Republic.
The traditions are a fundamental element of the cultural heritage. Some examples of the same sound the parties related with the fire like the go fail them announcing the arrival of the kings magicians, or the bonfire of Sant Antoni.
Along the centuries, in the wide municipal term of Petrer that spans 104 km² in the half valley of the river Vinalopó, have established settlers from the prehistory until our days.
Dámaso Navarro Guillén (1946-1978) was the driving and host of the Archaeologic Group Petrerí, a group of pertinent youngsters of distinct associations that had interest for looking for the material rests of the ancient inhabitants of Petrer.